Aid Basics

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Then put aloe vera or antibiotic ointment on the area and wait for it to heal. Just make sure to avoid using oils on the area, which may prolong healing time. A second-degree burn, in which more than just the top layer of skin is damaged, is more serious than one of the first-degree variety, but can still be treated easily.


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To treat these, keep the area around the burn clean and apply a bandage to it lightly in order to prevent infection and possibly apply antibiotic cream. Then, wait for it to heal—it can take around three weeks, depending on the severity. If a widespread area is affected, seek medical treatment. These are the especially nasty burns in which the damage extends through every layer of skin, leaving the skin charred, leathery, or a waxy, white color.

While waiting for treatment, raise the injury above your heart and make sure no clothing or fabric is stuck in the affected area. Skin grafts or more serious medical responses may be necessary, so get ye to a hospital. Shock—a sudden drop in blood flow through the body—can result from blood loss, trauma, poisoning, severe burns, or a wide range of other injuries or ailments and generally comes along with symptoms such as rapid breathing or pulse.

To help someone who may be suffering from shock, elevate their legs and feet slightly, loosening tight clothing and checking for any bleeding or other more serious injuries. If someone is having uncomfortable pressure in their chest, shortness of breath, or feels pain spreading into their back, shoulders, and arms, they may be suffering from a heart attack. After calling , help the person sit down to avoid any injury should they collapse and give them an aspirin tablet to chew, which helps thin the blood. Get medical treatment as soon as possible. When there is bleeding in the brain or blood flow to the brain is blocked, you will need to get medical treatment right away.

Use the FAST acronym to remember the symptoms of stroke: Face it may droop to one side or seem asymmetrical , Arms one arm may remain lower than the other when the person tries to raise their arms , Speech it may be slurred or difficult , and Time as in, every second counts and you should get the victim medical help as soon as possible. After rinsing the wound, apply pressure using a sterile gauze or clean cloth. If blood soaks through, apply another bandage on top of the first one rather than removing it.

Raise the injured part of the body to slow the bleeding and continue to apply pressure until the bleeding stops. Dehydration is both extremely common and often misunderstood.

Dehydration results from not replacing both the water and salt that make up a sizable amount of our bodies. It results in a wide range of symptoms, from headaches to muscle cramps to dark urine. Rehydrating is, of course, an immediate way to help counter the effects of dehydration, but also consider having a sports drink to help replenish electrolytes. Respond to it by resting in a cool place, ideally an air conditioned building, with your legs elevated higher than your heart. Drink cool fluids, loosen any tight clothing, and consider taking a cool shower.

Aid Basics

As with heat exhaustion, the sufferer should be moved to a cool place and immersed in cool water a cold or even icy bath should be helpful or pack them in a cooling blanket until medical professionals can be reached. If someone is suffering from hypothermia, get them indoors, warm and dry that may mean removing wet clothes and wrapping them in a blanket.

One thing to keep in mind: You should restore warmth slowly, applying it to their trunk first and not starting on a high temperature immediately, or else you will risk causing them shock. When parts of a person body or skin are overexposed to extremely cold temperatures, it can result in numbness and freezing of the skin and its underlying tissues. Treat it by getting the person to a warm and dry place and gently warm the skin with warm water.


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  8. Just remember to keep the temperature warm, not hot, and avoid using heating pads, radiators, or fires—if the skin has gone numb, the victim may get too close and burn their skin without even realizing it. While they may look alarming, nosebleeds can result from something as simple as dryness in the air and can be aided by having the victim sit down and bend forward, keeping their head above the level of their heart.

    Have them pinch the soft part of their nose together with their fingers until the bleeding stops it might take five or 10 minutes. If the bleeding goes on longer or becomes a chronic condition, they should seek out medical assistance just as you would for a more serious injury. But while it might be tempting to try and save the day, that can pose plenty of dangers, as well. You hopefully have a first aid kit around the house with a handful of bandages and ointments.

    Snakes are plenty frightening—just ask Indiana Jones. If you are bitten by a venomous snake, it can cause nausea, swelling, even convulsing and paralysis. The first priority if bitten by a venomous snake is to stay calm, call , and stay as still as possible to keep the venom from traveling through your body—traveling by vehicle or being carried, if possible. A bite or sting from a bee, ant or wasp can be far more painful than their small size might lead you to expect and can present serious risks for someone who is allergic to these tiny creatures.

    If the person who is bit is allergic, ask someone to call and find out if the victim has an EpiPen, administering it if so.

    If allergies are not a concern, remove the stinger by gently scraping a flat-edged object like a credit card across the skin, then washing the area with soap and water and applying a cold compress or ice pack for minute increments. Once the immediate pain has subsided, apply calamine lotion to help with longer-term relief from itching and discomfort.

    Make sure the scene is safe before you take any action. A handy way to think through the steps you want to take before taking any first aid steps is the acronym CLAP.

    40 First Aid Basics Everyone Over 40 Should Know

    That is: Signs and symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Pertinent past history, Last meal, and Events leading up to injury. By gathering this information, you—or a medical professional—will have a much easier time determining what caused the problem. You should put on protective gear before administering any kind of aid to another person, especially strangers. For your own safety, you must avoid coming into contact with any bodily fluid, which means wearing gloves, using eye protection, and using a disposable mouthpiece if attempting CPR.

    After administering any kind of aid, you should wash your hands—even if you were wearing gloves or some kind of protective gear.

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    If soap and water are not available, use hand sanitizer. You want to do all you can to prevent illness and disease, and every step helps. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, which helps jumpstart the circulation of blood and oxygen for someone who is not breathing, should only be done in specific conditions. In order to help you deliver the right care at the right time, we've created this simple step-by-step guide that you can print up and place on your refrigerator, in your car, in your bag or at your desk. Size up the scene and form an initial impression. Does the person have any life-threatening conditions, such as severe, life-threatening bleeding?

    Check for Responsiveness and breathing for no more than seconds. To see the steps to perform first aid and learn how to administer care properly, watch our videos:. New Resuscitation Suite! Train My Employees. Scientific Advisory Council. Sign In. Create an Account. Check Order Status. Find My Certificate.


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